True
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b6eb977c-b2b7-49a8-a301-0e1f1b273f91

Ingredient Dictionary

Good

galactoarabinan

Polysaccharide extracted from the western larch tree. Read More »

Categories: Antioxidants, Plant Extracts

Poor

galbanum

Fragrant substance that, because of its resin and volatile oil content, can be extremely sensitizing… Read More »

Categories: Fragrance: Synthetic and Fragrant Plant Extracts, Sensitizing

Best

gamma linolenic acid (GLA)

Fatty acid used in cosmetics as an emollient and antioxidant. GLA is considered to... Read More »

Categories: Skin Restoring, Antioxidants, Emollients

Average

Ganoderma lucidum extract

Mushroom stem extract. There is no research showing it to be effective when used topically on skin... Read More »

Categories: Plant Extracts, Antioxidants

Poor

Gardenia florida extract

Flower extract used in cosmetics to impart fragrance; also functions as an antioxidant (Source:... Read More »

Categories: Fragrance: Synthetic and Fragrant Plant Extracts, Antioxidants, Sensitizing, Plant Extracts

Good

gelatin

Protein obtained from plants or animals and used in cosmetics as a thickening agent. Read More »

Categories: Thickeners/Emulsifiers

Good

Gellidiela acerosa extract

Extract derived from a type of algae. Read More »

Categories: Thickeners/Emulsifiers, Plant Extracts, Antioxidants, Emollients

Best

genistein

Plant component (most often from soy) that is a rich source of antioxidants, though it can also be... Read More »

Categories: Skin Soothing, Plant Extracts, Antioxidants

Best

Gentiana lutea (Gentian) root extract

Part of the gentian plant, constituents of which are soothing to skin... Read More »

Categories: Skin Soothing, Antioxidants, Plant Extracts

Average

geraniol

A volatile fragrance ingredient extracted from geranium, geraniol is capable of causing sensitivity when applied to skin. Read More »

Categories: Sensitizing, Fragrance: Synthetic and Fragrant Plant Extracts

Best

geranium extract

Extract that can have potent antioxidant properties (Source: Phytomedicine, June 2000, pages... Read More »

Categories: Antioxidants, Plant Extracts

Poor

geranium oil

Fragrant oil that can have beneficial properties but also can be a skin sensitizer... Read More »

Categories: Sensitizing, Fragrance: Synthetic and Fragrant Plant Extracts, Plant Extracts

Poor

Geranium pretense

Geranium plant. Read More »

Categories: Sensitizing, Antioxidants, Plant Extracts

Good

Germaben II

Trade name for diazolidinyl urea. Read More »

Categories: Preservatives

Good

ginger extract

Extract from a plant in the Zingiberacae family that has research showing it has soothing... Read More »

Categories: Sensitizing, Skin Soothing, Plant Extracts

Poor

ginger oil

See ginger extract

Categories: Sensitizing, Plant Extracts, Skin Soothing

Best

Ginkgo biloba leaf extract

Potent antioxidant and soothing ingredient. Read More »

Categories: Plant Extracts, Antioxidants

Best

GLA

See gamma linolenic acid (GLA)

Categories: Antioxidants, Emollients, Skin Restoring

Best

glabridin

Main ingredient in licorice extract. It has soothing properties. There is research showing... Read More »

Categories: Skin Soothing, Plant Extracts

Best

gluconolactone

See polyhydroxy acid

Categories: Leave-On Exfoliant

Best

glucosamine HCL

A form of glucosamine, an amino sugar that can be considered a skin-restorative... Read More »

Good

glucose

Monosaccharide that has water-binding properties for skin. Read More »

Categories: Skin Replenishing

Good

glucose oxidase

Glucose oxidase is an enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of the sugar glucose. Read More »

Categories: Antioxidants, Miscellaneous

Average

glucose tyrosinate

Read More »

Categories: Miscellaneous

Best

glucosyl hesperidin

A water-soluble form of hesperidin, a flavonoid found in many citrus plants, as well as evening primrose oil. It has potential as an antioxidant... Read More »

Categories: Antioxidants, Plant Extracts

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About the Experts

Paula Begoun is the best-selling author of 20 books on skin care and makeup. She is known worldwide as the Cosmetics Cop and creator of Paula's Choice. Paula's expertise has led to hundreds of appearances on national and international television including:

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The Paula's Choice Research Team is dedicated to busting beauty myths and helping you solve your skincare frustrations with research-supported expert advice—so you'll have the facts you need to take the best possible care of your skin.

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