Ingredient Dictionary

Good

VA/crotonates

Film-forming agent. Read More »

Categories: Film-Forming/Holding Agents

Good

VA/crotonates copolymer

See VA/crotonates

Categories: Film-Forming/Holding Agents

Best

Vaccinium macrocarpon fruit extract

Latin term for cranberry. Read More »

Categories: Plant Extracts, Anti-Irritants, Antioxidants

Good

Vaccinium myrtillus

See bilberry extract

Categories: Plant Extracts

Good

valine

See amino acid

Categories: Antioxidants, Skin-Identical/Repairing Ingredients

Good

Vanilla planifolia fruit extract

Extract used primarily as a fragrance and flavoring agent. The vanilla plant is a source of... Read More »

Categories: Plant Extracts, Antioxidants, Fragrance: Synthetic and Fragrant Plant Extracts, Anti-Irritants

Average

vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)

Stimulates the growth of blood vessels. Read More »

Categories: Cell-Communicating Ingredients

Poor

verbena extract

Fragrant extract that can be a skin irritant. Read More »

Categories: Fragrance: Synthetic and Fragrant Plant Extracts, Plant Extracts, Irritants

Poor

vetiver oil or extract

Fragrant component in skin-care products that also has some antibacterial properties (Source:... Read More »

Categories: Antibacterial/Anti-Acne, Plant Extracts, Irritants, Fragrance: Synthetic and Fragrant Plant Extracts

Good

vinyl dimethicone/methicone silsesquioxane crosspolymer

Blend of silicone polymers that functions as a thickening agent and texture enhancer. Read More »

Categories: Thickeners, Silicones

Average

Viola tricolor extract

See pansy extract

Categories: Anti-Irritants, Plant Extracts, Antioxidants

Poor

Visnaga vera extract

Also known as khella, when taken orally there is concern that it may cause nausea, dizziness,... Read More »

Categories: Plant Extracts

Best

vitamin A

Considered a good antioxidant in some of its various forms, particularly as retinol and retinyl... Read More »

Categories: Antioxidants, Vitamins

Good

vitamin B1

See thiamine HCL

Categories: Vitamins

Good

vitamin B12

May be effective in the treatment of psoriasis (Source: Dermatology, 2001, volume 203, number 2,... Read More »

Categories: Vitamins

Average

vitamin B2

There is no research showing this has any benefit when applied topically to skin. However, there is... Read More »

Categories: Irritants, Vitamins

Best

vitamin B3

See niacinamide

Categories: Vitamins, Cell-Communicating Ingredients

Good

vitamin B5

Also known as pantothenic acid. Read More »

Categories: Vitamins

Average

vitamin B6

There is no research showing it to have benefit for skin. Read More »

Categories: Vitamins

Best

vitamin C

Water-soluble vitamin that is considered a potent antioxidant for skin. It has been shown to... Read More »

Categories: Antioxidants, Vitamins

Good

vitamin D

A fat-soluble vitamin (actually, it's a hormone) that may have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and... Read More »

Categories: Vitamins, Antioxidants

Best

vitamin E

Considered an antioxidant superstar. It is one of the most well-known and researched antioxidants,... Read More »

Categories: Vitamins, Antioxidants

Best

vitamin F

Name sometimes used to represent essential fatty acids of linoleic acid and linolenic acid. These... Read More »

Categories: Antioxidants, Vitamins, Emollients, Cell-Communicating Ingredients

Good

vitamin H

See biotin

Categories: Vitamins

Good

vitamin K

Technically known as phytonadione, vitamin K is a fat-soluble vitamin manufactured in the liver.... Read More »

Categories: Vitamins

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About the Experts

Paula Begoun is the best-selling author of 20 books on skin care and makeup. She is known worldwide as the Cosmetics Cop and creator of Paula's Choice. Paula's expertise has led to hundreds of appearances on national and international television including:

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The Paula's Choice Research Team is dedicated to helping you find the absolute best products for your skin, using research-based criteria to review beauty products from an honest, balanced perspective. Each member of the team was personally trained by Paula herself.

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