Ingredient Dictionary

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gluconolactone

See polyhydroxy acid

Categories: Leave-On Exfoliant

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ferulic acid

A plant-based antioxidant. Research suggests that it provides antioxidant and sun-protective... Read More »

Categories: Plant Extracts, Antioxidants

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zinc oxide

Inert earth mineral used as a thickening, whitening, lubricating, and sunscreen ingredient in... Read More »

Categories: Antioxidants, Thickeners/Emulsifiers, Anti-Irritants, Coloring Agents/Pigments

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hydrolyzed jojoba esters

Essential fatty acids from the jojoba plant, broken down by water to form a new complex with... Read More »

Categories: Emollients, Plant Extracts

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d-alpha-tocopherol

Antioxidant that's considered the most biologically active form of vitamin E. Read More »

Categories: Antioxidants, Vitamins

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menthyl anthranilate

Also known as meradimate, this is a synthetic sunscreen active is a partially effective UVA... Read More »

Categories: Sunscreen Actives

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L-ascorbic acid

Form of vitamin C that is a potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agent (Sources:... Read More »

Categories: Anti-Irritants, Vitamins, Antioxidants

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Glycine soja oil

Oil derived from wild soybeans; it has emollient properties. Read More »

Categories: Antioxidants, Plant Extracts, Emollients

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glycolic acid

See AHA

Categories: Leave-On Exfoliant

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Borago officinalis seed oil

See borage seed oil

Categories: Plant Extracts, Emollients, Antioxidants, Anti-Irritants

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allantoin

By-product of uric acid extracted from urea and considered an effective anti-irritant. Read More »

Categories: Anti-Irritants

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yerba mate extract

Used for the preparation of the most popular tea-like beverage in South America. It has... Read More »

Categories: Anti-Irritants, Plant Extracts, Antioxidants

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olive oil/olive fruit oil

Emollient plant oil similar to many other non-fragrant plant oils. The concept of olive oil having... Read More »

Categories: Emollients, Antioxidants, Plant Extracts, Skin-Identical/Repairing Ingredients

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Ortho Tri-Cyclen

Low-dosage birth-control pills (generic norgestimate/ethinyl estradiol) approved for use in the... Read More »

Categories: Prescription Drugs

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Camellia japonica

The leaf has been shown in vitro to be potent antioxidant and also able to inhibit the expression... Read More »

Categories: Antioxidants, Plant Extracts

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Simmondsia chinensis

See jojoba oil

Categories: Plant Extracts, Emollients, Skin-Identical/Repairing Ingredients

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honeysuckle flower extract

Plant extract that functions as an anti-inflammatory agent. It is a very good source of flavonoids... Read More »

Categories: Anti-Irritants, Plant Extracts

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chamomile

Plant species include Matricaria recutita, Chamomilla recutita, and Matricaria chamomilla.... Read More »

Categories: Antibacterial/Anti-Acne, Antioxidants, Plant Extracts

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palmitoyl tripeptide-5

See cell-communicating ingredients , peptides

Categories: Cell-Communicating Ingredients

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licorice extract

Extract that has anti-inflammatory properties (Source: Healthnotes Review of Complementary and... Read More »

Categories: Plant Extracts, Anti-Irritants

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Helianhtus annuus seed oil

See sunflower seed oil

Categories: Emollients, Plant Extracts

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Ginkgo biloba leaf extract

Research shows this potent antioxidant helps improve blood flow. It is often used in anti-cellulite... Read More »

Categories: Plant Extracts, Antioxidants

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Persicaria hydropiper

Also known as water pepper. All parts of this plant extract have been shown in vitro to be not only... Read More »

Categories: Antioxidants, Plant Extracts

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Boerhavia diffusa root extract

Extract from a flowering plant. Animal studies have shown that this plant has strong... Read More »

Categories: Plant Extracts, Antioxidants, Anti-Irritants

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ceramide 2

See ceramides

Categories: Skin-Identical/Repairing Ingredients

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About the Experts

Paula Begoun is the best-selling author of 20 books on skin care and makeup. She is known worldwide as the Cosmetics Cop and creator of Paula's Choice. Paula's expertise has led to hundreds of appearances on national and international television including:

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The Paula's Choice Research Team is dedicated to helping you find the absolute best products for your skin, using research-based criteria to review beauty products from an honest, balanced perspective. Each member of the team was personally trained by Paula herself.

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