Ingredient Dictionary

Poor

Bellis perennis

See daisy flower extract

Categories: Plant Extracts

Poor

balsam peru

Fatty resin that when applied topically can cause allergic skin reactions and contact dermatitis.... Read More »

Categories: Fragrance: Synthetic and Fragrant Plant Extracts, Plant Extracts

Poor

eugenol

Fragrance chemical that occurs naturally in some plant ingredients... Read More »

Categories: Irritants, Fragrance: Synthetic and Fragrant Plant Extracts

Poor

eucalyptus oil

Fragrant plant oil whose active constituents are found in the leaves and the oil obtained from... Read More »

Categories: Antibacterial/Anti-Acne, Irritants, Plant Extracts

Poor

Zingiber zerumbet

See ginger extract

Categories: Plant Extracts, Irritants, Anti-Irritants

Poor

Piper nigrum

See black pepper extract and oil

Categories: Plant Extracts, Irritants

Poor

arnica extract

Extract from the plant Arnica montana. There is research showing that when arnica is taken orally... Read More »

Categories: Plant Extracts

Poor

verbena extract

Fragrant extract that can be a skin irritant. Read More »

Categories: Fragrance: Synthetic and Fragrant Plant Extracts, Plant Extracts, Irritants

Poor

limonene

Chemical constituent of many fragrant natural ingredients, notably citrus oils (d-limonene) and... Read More »

Categories: Irritants, Fragrance: Synthetic and Fragrant Plant Extracts

Poor

pine oil

Can have disinfectant properties (Source: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, December 1997,... Read More »

Categories: Antibacterial/Anti-Acne, Plant Extracts, Irritants

Poor

Levisticum officinale root extract

See lovage root extract

Categories: Fragrance: Synthetic and Fragrant Plant Extracts, Plant Extracts, Irritants

Poor

Melissa officinalis

See balm mint extract , counter-irritant

Categories: Plant Extracts, Irritants, Fragrance: Synthetic and Fragrant Plant Extracts

Poor

Foeniculum vulgare extract

See fennel seed extract , fennel oil

Categories: Antioxidants, Irritants, Fragrance: Synthetic and Fragrant Plant Extracts

Poor

kawa extract

See kava-kava extract

Categories: Anti-Irritants, Plant Extracts, Irritants

Poor

botanicals

General term for a large group of natural ingredients. Botanicals may or may not be organic, and... Read More »

Categories: Plant Extracts

Poor

hexyl cinnamal

A fragrance ingredient used in many perfumes and often seen in fragranced skin-care products... Read More »

Categories: Irritants, Fragrance: Synthetic and Fragrant Plant Extracts

Poor

Narcissus poeticus wax

Fragrant flower extract that can cause irritation and dermatitis (Source: www.naturaldatabase.com) Read More »

Categories: Plant Extracts, Irritants, Fragrance: Synthetic and Fragrant Plant Extracts

Poor

lemon juice

The juice from the citrus fruit lemon, often touted in the world of skin care as being a natural option for lightening brown spots or "bleaching" skin. Read More »

Categories: Antioxidants, Irritants

Poor

sodium silicate

Highly alkaline and potentially irritating antiseptic and mineral used in cosmetics (Source:... Read More »

Categories: Irritants, Antibacterial/Anti-Acne

Poor

resorcinol

Considered an effective topical disinfectant in concentrations of 1% to 3% (Source: www.fda.gov).... Read More »

Categories: Irritants, Antibacterial/Anti-Acne

Poor

matrix metalloproteinases

Also called MMPs, a group of 23 different enzymes that cause substances in the body to break down.... Read More »

Categories: Miscellaneous

Poor

Citrus aurantium

See orange blossom

Categories: Plant Extracts, Irritants, Fragrance: Synthetic and Fragrant Plant Extracts

Poor

Castanea sativa seed extract

See chestnut seed extract

Categories: Plant Extracts

Poor

fir needle oil

Volatile, fragrant oil that can cause skin irritation and sensitivity. Read More »

Categories: Fragrance: Synthetic and Fragrant Plant Extracts, Plant Extracts, Irritants

Poor

methyleugenol

Natural constituent of plant oils such as those from rose, basil, blackberry, cinnamon, and anise.... Read More »

Categories: Irritants, Plant Extracts

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About the Experts

Paula Begoun is the best-selling author of 20 books on skin care and makeup. She is known worldwide as the Cosmetics Cop and creator of Paula's Choice. Paula's expertise has led to hundreds of appearances on national and international television including:

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The Paula's Choice Research Team is dedicated to helping you find the absolute best products for your skin, using research-based criteria to review beauty products from an honest, balanced perspective. Each member of the team was personally trained by Paula herself.

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