Ingredient Dictionary

Best

açai

Pronounced "ah-sigh-ee", this small berry with a deep purple color is a potent source of... Read More »

Categories: Antioxidants, Plant Extracts

Best

acetyl carnitine HCL

See L-carnitine

Categories: Antioxidants

Good

agar

See algae

Categories: Emollients, Thickeners/Emulsifiers, Antioxidants, Plant Extracts

Average

Agrimonia eupatoria leaf extract

Research shows this plant extract inhibits the hepatitis b virus and has antioxidant properties.... Read More »

Categories: Plant Extracts, Antioxidants

Good

Ahnfeltia concinna extract

See algae

Categories: Emollients, Antioxidants, Thickeners/Emulsifiers, Plant Extracts

Good

ahnfeltia extract

See algae

Categories: Plant Extracts, Antioxidants, Thickeners/Emulsifiers, Emollients

Good

alanine

See amino acid

Categories: Antioxidants

Good

Alaria esculenta

See algae

Categories: Emollients, Plant Extracts, Antioxidants, Thickeners/Emulsifiers

Best

alfalfa extract

Can be an antioxidant in skin-care products (Source: Journal of Agricultural Food Chemistry,... Read More »

Categories: Plant Extracts, Antioxidants

Good

algae

Algae are very simple, chlorophyll-containing organisms in a family that includes more than 20,000... Read More »

Categories: Plant Extracts, Antioxidants, Thickeners/Emulsifiers, Emollients

Good

algae extract

See algae

Categories: Emollients, Thickeners/Emulsifiers, Plant Extracts, Antioxidants

Good

algin

Brown algae. Read More »

Categories: Thickeners/Emulsifiers, Emollients, Plant Extracts, Antioxidants

Best

alpha lipoic acid

Enzyme that, when applied topically on skin, appears to be a very good antioxidant. Taken... Read More »

Categories: Antioxidants

Best

alpha-tocopherol

See vitamin E

Categories: Vitamins, Antioxidants

Good

amino acid

Fundamental constituents of all proteins found in the body, such as: alanine, arginine, asparagine,... Read More »

Categories: Antioxidants, Skin-Identical/Repairing Ingredients

Good

Anacystis nidulans extract

See algae

Categories: Emollients, Thickeners/Emulsifiers, Antioxidants, Plant Extracts

Poor

Angelica archangelica root oil

Volatile oil obtained from the angelica plant. The oil contains chemical constituents that can be... Read More »

Categories: Fragrance: Synthetic and Fragrant Plant Extracts, Antioxidants, Plant Extracts

Poor

Angelica polymorpha sinensis root extract

See dong quai

Categories: Antioxidants, Plant Extracts

Poor

anise

Also known as aniseed, it can have potent antioxidant and antibacterial properties (Source:... Read More »

Categories: Antioxidants, Fragrance: Synthetic and Fragrant Plant Extracts, Irritants, Antibacterial/Anti-Acne

Best

Anthemis nobilis flower extract

See chamomile

Categories: Antioxidants, Antibacterial/Anti-Acne, Anti-Irritants

Best

anthocyanin

Group of naturally occurring substances found in plants that give fruits, vegetables, and plants... Read More »

Categories: Antioxidants, Plant Extracts

Best

antioxidant

General term for a large group of natural and synthetic ingredients that work to reduce... Read More »

Categories: Antioxidants

Best

apple fruit extract

General name for various types of apples, all of which have potent antioxidant ability that, at least in theory, can benefit skin when applied topically. Read More »

Categories: Antioxidants, Plant Extracts

Best

Arctium lappa

See burdock root

Categories: Plant Extracts, Antioxidants, Anti-Irritants

Best

Arctostaphylos uva ursi leaf

See bearberry extract

Categories: Plant Extracts, Antioxidants, Antibacterial/Anti-Acne

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About the Experts

Paula Begoun is the best-selling author of 20 books on skin care and makeup. She is known worldwide as the Cosmetics Cop and creator of Paula's Choice. Paula's expertise has led to hundreds of appearances on national and international television including:

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The Paula's Choice Research Team is dedicated to helping you sort through the myths and half-truths of the cosmetic industry. With their expert advice, you’ll have the facts you need to take the best possible care of your skin.

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