Ingredient Dictionary

Best

zinc oxide

Inert earth mineral used as a thickening, whitening, lubricating, and sunscreen ingredient in... Read More »

Categories: Antioxidants, Thickeners/Emulsifiers, Anti-Irritants, Coloring Agents/Pigments

Best

zinc

There is growing evidence that zinc can be a significant anti-irritant and antioxidant. It also can... Read More »

Categories: Anti-Irritants, Antioxidants

Average

yucca extract

Plant extract that can have anti-inflammatory benefits. Read More »

Categories: Anti-Irritants, Plant Extracts, Antioxidants

Best

yerba mate extract

Used for the preparation of the most popular tea-like beverage in South America. It has... Read More »

Categories: Anti-Irritants, Plant Extracts, Antioxidants

Good

yeast

Group of fungi that ferment sugars. Yeast is a source of beta-glucan, which is a good antioxidant.... Read More »

Categories: Antioxidants

Best

xanthophyll

Also known as lutein, this is a cartenoid pigment from plants that functions as an antioxidant. Read More »

Categories: Antioxidants, Plant Extracts

Poor

witch hazel

Commonly used plant extract that can have potent antioxidant properties (Sources: Phytotherapy... Read More »

Categories: Irritants, Anti-Irritants, Plant Extracts, Antioxidants

Best

white tea leaf extract

Extract from the minimally processed buds and leaves of green tea. There is research showing that... Read More »

Categories: Antioxidants, Plant Extracts

Good

whey

Milk contains two primary proteins, casein and whey. When cheese is produced these more liquid... Read More »

Categories: Antioxidants

Average

watercress extract

There is a small amount of research showing that dietary intake of watercress can inhibit the... Read More »

Categories: Plant Extracts, Antioxidants

Average

walnut extract

Extract that can have antioxidant properties (Source: Journal of Nutrition, November 2001, pages... Read More »

Categories: Plant Extracts, Antioxidants

Best

Vitis vinifera

Latin name for the vines that produce wine grapes. More commonly known as grape seed oil or grape... Read More »

Categories: Antioxidants, Emollients, Plant Extracts

Best

vitamin F

Name sometimes used to represent essential fatty acids of linoleic acid and linolenic acid. These... Read More »

Categories: Antioxidants, Vitamins, Emollients, Cell-Communicating Ingredients

Best

vitamin E

Considered an antioxidant superstar. It is one of the most well-known and researched antioxidants,... Read More »

Categories: Vitamins, Antioxidants

Good

vitamin D

A fat-soluble vitamin (actually, it's a hormone) that may have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and... Read More »

Categories: Vitamins, Antioxidants

Best

vitamin C

Water-soluble vitamin that is considered a potent antioxidant for skin. It has been shown to... Read More »

Categories: Antioxidants, Vitamins

Best

vitamin A

Considered a good antioxidant in some of its various forms, particularly as retinol and retinyl... Read More »

Categories: Antioxidants, Vitamins

Average

Viola tricolor extract

See pansy extract

Categories: Anti-Irritants, Plant Extracts, Antioxidants

Good

Vanilla planifolia fruit extract

Extract used primarily as a fragrance and flavoring agent. The vanilla plant is a source of... Read More »

Categories: Plant Extracts, Antioxidants, Fragrance: Synthetic and Fragrant Plant Extracts, Anti-Irritants

Good

valine

See amino acid

Categories: Antioxidants, Skin-Identical/Repairing Ingredients

Best

Vaccinium macrocarpon fruit extract

Latin term for cranberry. Read More »

Categories: Plant Extracts, Anti-Irritants, Antioxidants

Good

Undaria pinnatifida

Form of brown algae. Read More »

Categories: Emollients, Plant Extracts, Antioxidants, Thickeners/Emulsifiers

Good

Ulva lactuca extract

Extract from the plant known as sea lettuce, it has some anti-inflammatory and antioxidant... Read More »

Categories: Anti-Irritants, Plant Extracts, Antioxidants

Best

ubiquinone

See coenzyme Q10

Categories: Anti-Irritants, Antioxidants

Good

turmeric

Spice made from the dried, ground root of a plant; its extract is called curcumin. A natural yellow... Read More »

Categories: Plant Extracts, Antioxidants, Anti-Irritants

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About the Experts

Paula Begoun is the best-selling author of 20 books on skin care and makeup. She is known worldwide as the Cosmetics Cop and creator of Paula's Choice. Paula's expertise has led to hundreds of appearances on national and international television including:

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The Paula's Choice Research Team is dedicated to helping you find the absolute best products for your skin, using research-based criteria to review beauty products from an honest, balanced perspective. Each member of the team was personally trained by Paula herself.

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