Organic compound from adenosine, which is formed by the hydrolysis of yeast nucleic acids. All living things need a continual supply of energy to function. Animals obtain their energy by oxidizing foods, plants obtain their energy by photosynthesizing, using chlorophyll, to make energy from sunlight. However, before the energy can be used, it must first be changed into a form that the organism can readily use. This special form, or carrier, of energy, is the molecule adenosine triphosphate (ATP).
In humans, ATP serves as the major energy source within the cell to drive a number of biological processes such as protein synthesis. The cell breaks down ATP by hydrolysis to yield adenosine diphosphate (ADP), which is then further broken down to yield adenosine monophosphate (AMP).
Research has shown that ATP appears to have strong potential as a cell-communicating ingredient and as an inflammation modulator. [1, 2]
- Georgiou J, Skarratt K, Fuller S, Martin C, Christopherson R, Wiley J, Sluyter R. Human Epidermal and Monocyte-Derived Langerhans Cells Express Functional P2X7 Receptors.. J Invest Dermatol.. 2005;125(3):482-90.
- Holzer A, Granstein R. Role of Extracellular Adenosine Triphosphate in Human Skin.. J Cutan Med Surg.. 2004;8(2):90-6.