May have anti-inflammatory properties for skin. Taken orally, it has been shown to reduce edema in the lower leg by improving the elastic tissue surrounding the veins. [1,2]
- Ernst E, Pittler M, Stevinson C. Complementary/Alternative Medicine in Dermatology. Am J Clin Dermatol. 2002;3(5):341-8.
- Koch R. Comparative study of Venostasin and Pycnogenol in chronic venous insufficiency. Koch R1. 2002;16(S1):S1-5.