Skin-restoring ingredients, theoretically, have the ability to help improve the look of multiple skin concerns, including signs of aging, unevenness and help defend against environmental stressors. [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6]
This area of investigation is incredibly exciting for skincare. For now, the skincare ingredients to look for in terms of skin-restoring ability include retinol, retinaldehyde, retinoic acid, epigallocatechin-3-gallate, eicosapentaenoic acid, niacinamide, lecithin, linolenic acid, linoleic acid, phospholipids, carnitine, carnosine, adenosine triphosphate, adenosine cyclic phosphate, most peptides, and Pyrus malus (apple) fruit extract.
- Kim M, Kim Y, Eun H, Cho K, Chung J. All-Trans Retinoic Acid Antagonizes UV-Induced VEGF Production and Angiogenesis via the Inhibition of ERK Activation in Human Skin Keratinocytes. J Invest Dermatol. 2006;126(12):2697-2706.
- Quan T, He T, Kang S, Voorhees J, Fisher G. Connective tissue growth factor: expression in human skin in vivo and inhibition by ultraviolet irradiation. J Invest Dermatol. 2002;118(3):402-8.
- de Gruijl F. Photocarcinogenesis: UVA vs. UVB Radiation. Skin Pharmacol Appl Skin Physiol. 2002;15:316–320.