Ingredient derived from plant species Chamomilla recutita, Matricaria recutita, and Matricaria chamomilla. Chamomile tea, brewed from dried flower heads, has been used traditionally for a variety of concerns. The main constituents of the flowers include phenolic compounds, primarily the flavonoids apigenin, quercetin, patuletin, luteolin, and their glucosides.
The principal components of the essential oil extracted from the flowers are the terpenoids a-bisabolol and its oxides and azulenes, including chamazulene. Chamomile has moderate antioxidant activities. Animal model studies indicate it may have potent skin-soothing action, among other benefits.
Adverse responses to chamomile have been reported among those who are aggravated by other plants in the daisy family.
References for this information:
Phytotherapy Research, July 2006, issue 7, pages 519-530
Dermatologic Surgery, July 2005, issue 7 part 2, pages 873-880