Unsaturated omega-6 fatty acid found in corn, safflower, and sunflower oils and used as an emollient and thickening agent in cosmetics. There is some research showing it to be effective in cell regulation and skin-barrier repair, as well as being an antioxidant and an anti-inflammatory agent. [1,2,3]
- Ando H, Ryu A, Hashimoto A, Oka M, Ichihashi M. Linoleic acid and alpha-linolenic acid lightens ultraviolet-induced hyperpigmentation of the skin. Arch Dermatol Res. 1998;290(7):375-81.
- Letawe C, Boone M, Piérard G. Digital image analysis of the effect of topically applied linoleic acid on acne microcomedones. Clin Exp Dermatol. 1998;23(2):56-8.
- Valdman-Grinshpoun Y, Ben-Amitai D, Zvulunov A. Barrier-Restoring Therapies in Atopic Dermatitis: Current Approaches and Future Perspectives. Dermatol Res Pract. 2012;2012:923134.
natural moisturizing factor (NMF)