Unsaturated fatty acid used as an emollient and thickening agent in cosmetics. There is some research showing it to be effective in cell regulation and skin-barrier repair, as well as an antioxidant and an anti-inflammatory (Sources: Archives of Dermatological Research
, July 1998, pages 375–381; Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
, March 1998, pages 56–58; Journal of Investigative Dermatology
, May 1996, pages 1096–1101; and Seminars in Dermatology
, June 1992, pages 169–175).
natural moisturizing factor (NMF)