Ingredient Dictionary

Average

walnut extract

Extract that can have antioxidant properties (Source: Journal of Nutrition, November 2001, pages... Read More »

Categories: Plant Extracts, Antioxidants

Average

Vitreoscilla ferment

Made from a bacterium that can help cells utilize oxygen better in vitro (Source:Journal of... Read More »

Categories: Plant Extracts

Best

Vitis vinifera

Latin name for the vines that produce wine grapes. More commonly known as grape seed oil or grape... Read More »

Categories: Antioxidants, Emollients, Plant Extracts

Poor

Visnaga vera extract

Also known as khella, when taken orally there is concern that it may cause nausea, dizziness,... Read More »

Categories: Plant Extracts

Average

Viola tricolor extract

See pansy extract

Categories: Anti-Irritants, Plant Extracts, Antioxidants

Poor

vetiver oil or extract

Fragrant component in skin-care products that also has some antibacterial properties (Source:... Read More »

Categories: Antibacterial/Anti-Acne, Plant Extracts, Irritants, Fragrance: Synthetic and Fragrant Plant Extracts

Poor

verbena extract

Fragrant extract that can be a skin irritant. Read More »

Categories: Fragrance: Synthetic and Fragrant Plant Extracts, Plant Extracts, Irritants

Good

Vanilla planifolia fruit extract

Extract used primarily as a fragrance and flavoring agent. The vanilla plant is a source of... Read More »

Categories: Plant Extracts, Antioxidants, Fragrance: Synthetic and Fragrant Plant Extracts, Anti-Irritants

Good

Vaccinium myrtillus

See bilberry extract

Categories: Plant Extracts

Best

Vaccinium macrocarpon fruit extract

Latin term for cranberry. Read More »

Categories: Plant Extracts, Anti-Irritants, Antioxidants

Best

Uva ursi extract

See bearberry extract , arbutin

Categories: Plant Extracts, Antibacterial/Anti-Acne

Average

Urtica dioica

See nettle extract

Categories: Anti-Irritants, Plant Extracts

Good

Undaria pinnatifida

Form of brown algae. Read More »

Categories: Emollients, Plant Extracts, Antioxidants, Thickeners/Emulsifiers

Average

Uncaria tomentosa extract

Also known as Cat’s Claw, there is some research showing it to be an effective anti-inflammatory... Read More »

Categories: Plant Extracts

Good

Ulva lactuca extract

Extract from the plant known as sea lettuce, it has some anti-inflammatory and antioxidant... Read More »

Categories: Anti-Irritants, Plant Extracts, Antioxidants

Good

Ulmus fulva bark extract

See slippery elm bark

Categories: Plant Extracts, Anti-Irritants

Poor

Tussilago farfara

See coltsfoot

Categories: Plant Extracts

Good

turmeric

Spice made from the dried, ground root of a plant; its extract is called curcumin. A natural yellow... Read More »

Categories: Plant Extracts, Antioxidants, Anti-Irritants

Best

troxerutin

A flavonoid ingredient that's extracted from the Japanese plant Sophora japonica. Read More »

Categories: Plant Extracts, Antioxidants

Good

Triticum vulgare oil

See wheat germ oil , gluten ingredients

Categories: Plant Extracts, Emollients

Good

Triticum vulgare (wheat) germ extract

Extract from the germ portion of the wheat plant. In cosmetics, this ingredient functions as a... Read More »

Categories: Plant Extracts

Average

trigonella foenum-graecum seed extract

Latin name for the fenugreek plant. The seeds are used most often, and their fiber content helps... Read More »

Categories: Thickeners/Emulsifiers, Plant Extracts, Irritants

Good

Trifolium pratense

See red clover

Categories: Plant Extracts, Anti-Irritants, Antioxidants

Poor

tormentil extract

Plant that can be irritating due to its tannin content, which causes skin constriction. Read More »

Categories: Irritants, Plant Extracts

Average

tomato extract

Extract that has weak antioxidant properties (Source: Free Radical Research, February 2002, pages... Read More »

Categories: Irritants, Plant Extracts, Antioxidants

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About the Experts

Paula Begoun is the best-selling author of 20 books on skin care and makeup. She is known worldwide as the Cosmetics Cop and creator of Paula's Choice. Paula's expertise has led to hundreds of appearances on national and international television including:

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The Paula's Choice Research Team is dedicated to helping you find the absolute best products for your skin, using research-based criteria to review beauty products from an honest, balanced perspective. Each member of the team was personally trained by Paula herself.

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