Ingredient Dictionary

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Ginkgo biloba leaf extract

Research shows this potent antioxidant helps improve blood flow. It is often used in anti-cellulite... Read More »

Categories: Plant Extracts, Antioxidants

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Persicaria hydropiper

Also known as water pepper. All parts of this plant extract have been shown in vitro to be not only... Read More »

Categories: Antioxidants, Plant Extracts

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Boerhavia diffusa root extract

Extract from a flowering plant. Animal studies have shown that this plant has strong... Read More »

Categories: Plant Extracts, Antioxidants, Anti-Irritants

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oatmeal

Can have anti-irritant and anti-inflammatory properties (Source: Skin Pharmacology and Applied Skin... Read More »

Categories: Anti-Irritants, Plant Extracts

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Terminalia catappa

Can be a potent antioxidant (Source: Anticancer Research, January-February 2001, pages 237–243). Read More »

Categories: Antioxidants, Plant Extracts

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dill extract

An herbal extract most commonly used to season foods. Dill contains a volatile component called... Read More »

Categories: Fragrance: Synthetic and Fragrant Plant Extracts, Plant Extracts

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green tea

Significant amounts of research have established that tea, including black, green, and white tea... Read More »

Categories: Plant Extracts, Anti-Irritants, Antioxidants

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soy protein

See soy extract

Categories: Plant Extracts, Anti-Irritants, Antioxidants

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borage seed extract

Extract of the plant Borago officinalis, it can have anti-irritant and anti-inflammatory properties... Read More »

Categories: Anti-Irritants, Plant Extracts

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Gentiana lutea (Gentian) root extract

Active part of the gentian plant, constituents of which are anti-inflammatory and antibacterial... Read More »

Categories: Antibacterial/Anti-Acne, Anti-Irritants, Plant Extracts

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Leontopodium alpinum extract

Plant extract whose constituents are capable of provding antioxidant and anti-inflammatory benefit... Read More »

Categories: Anti-Irritants, Antioxidants, Plant Extracts

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carnosine

Composed of amino acids, it has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. There is some... Read More »

Categories: Antioxidants, Plant Extracts

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kudzu root

Source of isoflavone, genistein, and daidzein, all plant estrogens (Sources: Phytochemistry, June... Read More »

Categories: Antioxidants, Plant Extracts

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Arctium lappa

See burdock root

Categories: Plant Extracts, Antioxidants, Anti-Irritants

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madecassoside

One of four principal bioactive compounds in the plant extract Centella asiatica. One double-blind... Read More »

Categories: Plant Extracts

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matricaria flower extract

See chamomile

Categories: Plant Extracts, Antioxidants, Anti-Irritants

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evening primrose oil

Can have significant anti-inflammatory and emollient benefits for skin (Sources: Surgeon, February... Read More »

Categories: Anti-Irritants, Emollients, Plant Extracts

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flaxseed oil

From seeds of the flax plant; a source of fatty acids, particularly omega-3. Read More »

Categories: Antioxidants, Plant Extracts

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bisabolol

Can be extracted from chamomile or derived synthetically. It is an anti-irritant. Read More »

Categories: Plant Extracts, Anti-Irritants

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genistein

Plant component (most often from soy) that is a rich source of antioxidants, though it can also be... Read More »

Categories: Anti-Irritants, Plant Extracts, Antioxidants

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tetrahydrobisdemethoxycurcumin

Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory plant extract. Read More »

Categories: Plant Extracts, Anti-Irritants, Antioxidants

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Camellia sinensis

See green tea

Categories: Antioxidants, Plant Extracts

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white tea leaf extract

Extract from the minimally processed buds and leaves of green tea. There is research showing that... Read More »

Categories: Antioxidants, Plant Extracts

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Fu ling

See Poria cocos extract

Categories: Plant Extracts, Anti-Irritants, Antioxidants

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stearyl glycyrrhetinate

The fatty acid form of the anti-irritant glycyrrhetinic acid, which is derived from licorice. Read More »

Categories: Plant Extracts, Anti-Irritants

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About the Experts

Paula Begoun is the best-selling author of 20 books on skin care and makeup. She is known worldwide as the Cosmetics Cop and creator of Paula's Choice. Paula's expertise has led to hundreds of appearances on national and international television including:

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The Paula's Choice Research Team is dedicated to helping you find the absolute best products for your skin, using research-based criteria to review beauty products from an honest, balanced perspective. Each member of the team was personally trained by Paula herself.

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