Ingredient Dictionary

Average

Artemisia absinthium extract

See mugwort extract

Categories: Plant Extracts

Average

Artemisia vulgaris

See mugwort extract

Categories: Plant Extracts

Good

Ascophyllum nodosum

Species of seaweed. Read More »

Categories: Antioxidants, Emollients, Thickeners/Emulsifiers, Plant Extracts

Good

Asparagopsis armata extract

Extract derived from seaweed. Read More »

Categories: Antioxidants, Emollients, Thickeners/Emulsifiers, Plant Extracts

Best

Astragalus membranaceus

Latin name for the Chinese herb Huang-Qi, also known as milk vetch. Read More »

Categories: Plant Extracts, Antioxidants

Good

Astragalus sinicus

See milk vetch root

Categories: Antioxidants, Plant Extracts

Good

Astrocaryum murumuru seed butter

A non-fragrant vegetable fat that's nearly solid at room temperature (much like dairy butter). It functions as an emollient ingreident that works to keep... Read More »

Categories: Plant Extracts, Emollients

Average

Atractyloydes lancea root extract

Also known as Chinese Thistle Daisy, this root extract is used in Chinese and Japanese alternative... Read More »

Categories: Plant Extracts

Best

Avena sativa

Oat plant. Oat extract can have anti-irritant and anti-inflammatory properties (Source: Skin... Read More »

Categories: Plant Extracts, Anti-Irritants

Poor

awapuhi

English name for wild ginger. Read More »

Categories: Plant Extracts

Poor

Azadirachta indica

See neem extract or oil

Categories: Antibacterial/Anti-Acne, Plant Extracts

Average

azulene

Chamomile extract used primarily as a coloring agent in cosmetics. It can have antioxidant and... Read More »

Categories: Anti-Irritants, Plant Extracts, Antioxidants

Good

babassu oil

Plant oil that can have emollient properties for skin. There is no research showing it has special... Read More »

Categories: Emollients, Plant Extracts

Good

bakuchiol

An antioxidant found in the seeds and leaves of the plant Psoralea corylifolia... Read More »

Categories: Plant Extracts, Antioxidants

Poor

balm mint extract

Extract derived from a fragrant plant; it poses some risk of skin irritation. It also has some... Read More »

Categories: Fragrance: Synthetic and Fragrant Plant Extracts, Irritants, Plant Extracts

Poor

balsam peru

Fatty resin that when applied topically can cause allergic skin reactions and contact dermatitis.... Read More »

Categories: Fragrance: Synthetic and Fragrant Plant Extracts, Plant Extracts

Average

banana extract

Extract from banana fruit that has some weak antioxidant properties (Source: Free Radical Research,... Read More »

Categories: Antioxidants, Plant Extracts

Average

barley extract

Extract from barley plants. Can have antioxidant properties when ingested, but there is no research... Read More »

Categories: Plant Extracts

Poor

bay leaf oil

Can be a potent antioxidant (Source: Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin, January 2002, pages... Read More »

Categories: Plant Extracts, Fragrance: Synthetic and Fragrant Plant Extracts, Antioxidants

Good

beet root extract

Powdered base of the stem (root) of the Beta vulgaris plant. Used as a coloring agent. As with most... Read More »

Categories: Coloring Agents/Pigments, Plant Extracts, Antioxidants

Poor

Bellis perennis

See daisy flower extract

Categories: Plant Extracts

Poor

Berberis aristata

See barberry

Categories: Antibacterial/Anti-Acne, Plant Extracts

Poor

bergamot oil

A volatile citrus oil that, when used topically, is a photosensitizer and has photomutagenic... Read More »

Categories: Plant Extracts, Fragrance: Synthetic and Fragrant Plant Extracts

Good

Bertholletia excelsa extract

See Brazil nut extract

Categories: Plant Extracts, Antioxidants

Good

Beta vulgaris root extract

See beet root extract

Categories: Antioxidants, Coloring Agents/Pigments, Plant Extracts

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About the Experts

Paula Begoun is the best-selling author of 20 books on skin care and makeup. She is known worldwide as the Cosmetics Cop and creator of Paula's Choice. Paula's expertise has led to hundreds of appearances on national and international television including:

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The Paula's Choice Research Team is dedicated to helping you find the absolute best products for your skin, using research-based criteria to review beauty products from an honest, balanced perspective. Each member of the team was personally trained by Paula herself.

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