In This Article:
Acne is one of the most troublesome and common skin-care problems for people around the world—and emotionally one of the most debilitating and embarrassing skin disorders to experience. Although most often associated with teenagers and the onset of puberty, the truth is that you can get acne at any age, which makes it even more frustrating.
So, what is acne anyway? Here we identify this self-esteem-crushing problem and the different ways it can show up. Knowing what causes acne is your first step in learning how to take control so you can get rid of breakouts and get back to having clear skin!
Most of us are familiar with acne, even if we don’t know the specifics of what makes it acne and not some other skin problem. Acne’s textbook definition is that it’s a skin disorder that occurs when hair follicles (every pore on your face is actually part of a follicle) become plugged with dead skin cells and oil. That mixture of oil and cells allows the bacteria responsible for acne, Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes), to flourish inside the follicle instead of remaining on skin’s surface, where it normally resides without causing much trouble.
The bacteria feasts on the follicle’s contents, which starts a domino effect by producing inflammatory chemicals and enzymes. This process attracts white blood cells to combat the bacteria, which leads to inflammation. Acne is first and foremost an inflammatory disorder, and it’s important to remember that when treating it! Anything you can do to reduce inflammation will help acne heal faster—the reverse is true as well, making the inflammation worse will make the acne worse!
The last of the “precursor” stages in the development of acne is when the wall of the plugged follicle breaks down, spilling everything inside to nearby skin-leading to lesions or pimples.
Acne can show up on many areas of the body, including the face, neck, chest, back, shoulders, and arms. While the classic pustule form (if such a thing can be called classic!) is what many people typically think of when acne comes to mind, it can actually take several forms, as described below.
So now that you know what acne is, and what it can look like, what can you do to treat it? The good news is that there is a wealth of information about the different ways to treat acne and bring it under control. We invite you to check out our articles that tackle every aspect of acne, including the factors that cause it, how to prevent it, myths that could be making your skin worse, prescription treatments, over-the-counter treatments, and even alternative treatments that could help when other options fail. This is a battle that can be won—and the feeling of happiness when you finally have clear skin again is among the best ever!
Get exclusive beauty advice delivered twice a month. Unsubscribe at any time.
Back to top
Paula Begoun is the best-selling author of 20 books on skin care and makeup. She is known worldwide as the Cosmetics Cop and creator of Paula's Choice. Paula's expertise has led to hundreds of appearances on national and international television including:
View Media Highlights
The Paula's Choice Research Team is dedicated to helping you sort through the myths and half-truths of the cosmetic industry. With their expert advice, you’ll have the facts you need to take the best possible care of your skin.
We respect your privacy and the information you provide will NOT be sold, shared, or disseminated in any way.
Read More →
Call us Mon–Fri 6am-6pm PT, Sat–Sun 8am-4:30pm PT
Connect with us:
© Copyright 2015 Paula's Choice. All rights reserved. Paula's Choice and Cosmetics Cop are registered trademarks of Paula's Choice, LLC.
NEVER RUN OUT AGAIN
Paula’s Choice Auto Delivery is a quick and convenient way to make sure you never run out of your favorite products again. Just select the products you can’t live without, choose how often you’d like them delivered and we’ll take care of the rest.
*Promotion expires 9pm PT, June 30, 2015. No cash value. Applies to US and Canada only.
**Promotion expires 9pm PT, June 30, 2015. Cannot be applied to previous purchases or combined with other offers. Limit one (1) free Resist Intensive Wrinkle-Repair Retinol Serum 2-Week Trial Size per order, while supplies last.
***Promotion expires 9pm PT, June 30, 2015. Choose any 3 from 28 available FREE samples on orders of $5 or more.
Please sign in and access your saved member information.
Are you new to our site?Create an account and enjoy benefits that offer faster checkout, easy order tracking and quick reorders.
Are you new to our site? Checkout as a guest. You will have the option to create an account later in checkout.