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Rating Ingredient
Best

acai

Pronounced "ah-sigh-ee", this small berry with a deep purple color is a source of...

Best

acetyl carnitine HCL

Categories: Antioxidants
Good

Beta vulgaris root extract

Good

Betula alba

Average

BHT

Butylated hydroxytoluene, a potent synthetic antioxidant that also has negative properties when...

Categories: Antioxidants
Best

bioflavonoid

Diverse range of substances that are components of many fruits and vegetables. Many have been shown...

Categories: Antioxidants
Good

birch bark extract

Extract derived from the plant Betula alba (common name white birch). It can have potent...

Good

birch leaf extract

Good

black elderberry

When taken orally, this has antioxidant properties (Source: Journal of Agricultural Food...

Poor

black locust extract

Extract that can have antioxidant properties, although it also may have harmful...

Best

black raspberry

Fruit that has antioxidant properties...

Best

black tea

Best

blackberry

Berries that have antioxidant properties...

Best

bladderwrack extract

Extract derived from seaweed; it can be an effective antioxidant and has water-binding properties...

Best

Boerhavia diffusa root extract

Extract from a flowering plant. Animal studies have shown that this plant has strong...

Best

borage seed oil

Non-fragrant plant oil that contains gamma linolenic acid and other essential fatty acids for skin.

Best

Borago officinalis extract

Best

Borago officinalis seed oil

Best

boysenberry

Berry that can have potent antioxidant properties (Source: Journal of Agricultural Food Chemistry,...

Best

Brassica campestris

Categories: Antioxidants, Emollients
Good

Brazil nut extract

Extract for which there is a small amount of research showing it can have antioxidant properties...

Best

Buddleja davidii extract

Plant also known as summer lilac or butterfly bush (because the flowers are a food source for...

Best

burdock root

Plant extract whose active constituents are skin soothing and antioxidant…

Best

caffeic acid

Antioxidant that has multiple benefits for skin…

Categories: Antioxidants
Average

caffeine

Caffeine is the chief stimulant in beverages such as coffee and tea. It’s often included in skincare products with claims...

Best

calcium ascorbate

Form of vitamin C; other forms include ascorbic acid, L-ascorbic acid, ascorbyl palmitate, and...

Categories: Antioxidants, Vitamins
Good

agar

Average

Agrimonia eupatoria leaf extract

Research shows this plant extract has antioxidant properties....

Good

Ahnfeltia concinna extract

Good

ahnfeltia extract

Good

alanine

Categories: Antioxidants
Good

Alaria esculenta

Best

Aleurites moluccana seed oil

Best

alfalfa extract

Can be an antioxidant in skincare products…

Good

algae

Algae are very simple, chlorophyll-containing organisms in a family that includes more than 20,000...

Good

algae extract

Good

algin

Brown algae.

Best

alpha lipoic acid

Enzyme that, when applied topically on skin, appears to be a very good antioxidant. Taken...

Categories: Antioxidants
Best

alpha-tocopherol

Categories: Antioxidants, Vitamins
Poor

aluminum sulfate

It can sensitizing to skin.

Categories: Absorbent, Antioxidants
Best

amino acid

Fundamental constituents of all proteins found in the body, such as: alanine, arginine, asparagine,...

Good

amygdalic acid

Categories: Exfoliant, Antioxidants
Good

Anacystis nidulans extract

Poor

Angelica archangelica root oil

Volatile oil obtained from the angelica plant. The oil contains chemical constituents that can be...

Poor

Angelica polymorpha sinensis root extract

Poor

anise

Also known as aniseed, it can have antioxidant properties...

Best

Anthemis nobilis flower extract

Best

anthocyanin

Group of naturally occurring substances found in plants that give fruits, vegetables, and plants...

Best

antioxidant

General term for a large group of natural and synthetic ingredients that work to reduce...

Categories: Antioxidants
Best

apple fruit extract

General name for various types of apples, all of which have potent antioxidant ability that, at least in theory, can benefit skin when applied topically.

Best

Arctium lappa

Best

Arctium majus

Best

Arctostaphylos uva ursi leaf

Best

argan oil

Non-fragrant plant oil expressed from the kernels of argan trees. Argan oil contains several beneficial lipids and fatty acids for skin...

Best

Argania spinosa

Good

arginine

Amino acid that has antioxidant properties and can be helpful for soothing skin (Sources: Journal...

Categories: Antioxidants
Good

artemia extract

Good

Ascophyllum nodosum

Species of seaweed.

Best

ascorbic acid

Form of vitamin C that has antioxidant properties (Sources: Advances in Experimental Medicine and...

Categories: Antioxidants, Vitamins
Best

ascorbyl glucosamine

Form of vitamin C that has little research showing it has the antioxidant or brightening...

Categories: Antioxidants, Vitamins
Best

ascorbyl glucoside

Stable form of vitamin C combined with glucose.When properly formulated and absorbed into...

Categories: Antioxidants, Vitamins
Best

ascorbyl methylsilanol pectinate

Form of vitamin C that is considered stable and that functions as an antioxidant and thickening...

Best

ascorbyl palmitate

Stable and nonacidic form of vitamin C that is effective as an antioxidant (Source: Biochemical and...

Categories: Antioxidants, Vitamins
Good

asparagine

Categories: Antioxidants
Good

Asparagopsis armata extract

Extract derived from seaweed.

Good

aspartic acid

Best

astaxanthin

Categories: Antioxidants
Best

astaxanthin extract

Carotenoid (carotene pigment) found in plants, algae, and fish, particularly salmon, that functions...

Categories: Antioxidants
Best

Astragalus membranaceus

Latin name for the Chinese herb Huang-Qi, also known as milk vetch.

Good

Astragalus sinicus

Best

avocado oil

Emollient oil similar to other nonfragrant plant oils. It has antioxidant properties.

Categories: Antioxidants, Emollients
Poor

Azadirachta indica

Average

azulene

Chamomile extract used primarily as a coloring agent in cosmetics. It can have antioxidant and...

Good

bakuchiol

An antioxidant found in the seeds and leaves of the plant Psoralea corylifolia...

Average

banana extract

Extract from banana fruit that has some weak antioxidant properties (Source: Free Radical Research,...

Poor

bay leaf oil

Has the potential to provide antioxidant benefits for skin…

Good

bearberry extract

Latin name Arctostaphylos uva ursi, there is research showing that this extract has soothing...

Categories: Antioxidants
Good

beet root extract

Powdered base of the stem (root) of the Beta vulgaris plant. Used as a coloring agent. As with most...

Average

benzalkonium chloride

Used as a preservative in skincare products. There is no research showing it...

Categories: Antioxidants
Best

Berberis aristata

Good

Bertholletia excelsa extract

Good

beta-carotene

Member of the carotenoid family. There are hundreds of carotenoids, including lycopene and lutein....

Categories: Antioxidants
Best

beta-glucan

Polysaccharide sugar derived from yeast or oats. It has some antioxidant properties and is a skin-soothing agent.

Best

beta hydroxy acid

Good

calendula extract

Extract derived from the plant commonly known as pot marigold, there is little research showing...

Good

Calendula officinalis flower extract

Best

Camellia japonica

The leaf has been shown to be an antioxidant...

Best

Camellia oleifera

Best

Camellia sinensis

Best

carboxylic acid

Categories: Antioxidants
Best

carnitine

Naturally occurring amino acid. Deficiencies of this small but essential component can result in...

Categories: Antioxidants
Best

carnosic acid

Component of rosemary that is an antioxidant...

Best

carnosine

Composed of amino acids, it has soothing and antioxidant properties...

Best

carnosol acid

Best

catalase

Enzyme that decomposes hydrogen peroxide into water and oxygen and that has significant antioxidant...

Categories: Antioxidants
Good

Caulerpa taxifolia extract

Best

Centella asiatica

Extract of herb that may be listed on labels as asiatic acid, hydrocotyl, or gotu kola. It has...

Good

disodium rutinyl disulfate

A water-soluble derivative of the bioflavinoid rutin...

Categories: Antioxidants
Good

dogwood

There is a small amount of research showing that dogwood has antioxidant and soothing...

Good

dulse

Good

durian

A tropical fruit that contains high levels of antioxidants such as caffeic acid and quercetin

Good

Durvillaea antarctica extract

Extract derived from a species of algae (Durvillea antarctica).

Best

Elaeis guineensis

Good

elderberry

Also known as black elderberry or Sambucus nigra, this plant has potent antioxidant properties...

Best

ellagic acid

Potent antioxidant compound found in pomegranate and most berries.

Categories: Antioxidants
Good

Enteromorpha compressa extract

Extract from green algae.

Best

epigallocatechin gallate

One of the constituents of green tea believed to be responsible for its many health...

Poor

Equisetum arvense

Good

ergocalciferol

Technical name for vitamin D.

Categories: Antioxidants, Vitamins
Best

ergothioneine

A substance derived from animal tissue or various types of mushrooms that has potent antioxidant...

Best

Eriobotrya japonica

Good

ethyl vanillin

Flavoring agent derived from vanilla. It has antioxidant properties (Source: Journal of...

Categories: Antioxidants
Best

Euterpe oleraca

Good

faex

A type of yeast.

Categories: Antioxidants
Average

farnesol

Extract of plants that is used in cosmetics primarily for fragrance. A few animal studies and some...

Average

farnesyl acetate

Best

chamomile

Ingredient derived from plant species Chamomilla recutita, Matricaria recutita, and Matricaria chamomilla...

Best

Chamomilla recutita flower extract

Best

chitosan

Derived from chitin, a polysaccharide found in the exoskeletons of shrimp, lobster, and crabs. It...

Good

chlorella

Good

cholecalciferol

Technical name for vitamin D.

Categories: Antioxidants, Vitamins
Good

Chondrus crispus

Form of red seaweed.

Good

Cichorium intybus

Source of a plant extract with antioxidant properties (Source: Archives of Pharmaceutical Research,...

Poor

Cinnamomum

Poor

cinnamon

Can have antioxidant properties when applied to skin...

Average

Citrus unshiu

Plant extract more commonly known as the satsuma. This medium-sized citrus fruit is native to...

Average

Citrus unshiu peel extract

Best

cocoa extract

Can have antioxidant properties...

Good

Codium tomentosum extract

Best

coenzyme Q10

Also known as ubiquinone, it is a vitamin-like, fat-soluble substance present in skin....

Best

Coffea arabica (coffee) seed oil

The concentrated oil from the coffee bean plant, whichis green, not dark brown as this color doesn't occur until coffee beans are roasted. Research on this oil's effect on skin...

Best

Coffea arabica extract

Coffea arabica is the coffee plant, and there is research showing that coffee extract has...

Good

copper gluconate

Also known simply as copper, this mineral is an important trace element for human nutrition. The...

Categories: Antioxidants
Average

copper peptides

Copper peptides combine the element copper with three amino acids. Copper peptides occur naturally in the body, and are used in trace amounts to...

Categories: Antioxidants
Good

Corallina officinalis extract

Good

Cornus extract

Good

coumarin

Organic compound found in plants and derived from the amino acid phenylalanine. It creates the...

Best

cranberry seed extract

Extract of the cranberry fruit. Natural components known as proanthocyanidins are responsible for...

Best

cranberry seed oil

Extract derived from the seed of this red berry; the oil (which is not red) has antioxidant...

Good

cucumber extract

Non-irritating plant extract from the gourd family (think pumpkin) that’s often reputed to be...

Best

Cucumis melo (melon) fruit extract

More commonly known as cantaloupe or honeydew melon, Cucumis melo is a fruit that is a rich source...

Good

Cucumis sativus extract

Best

Cucurbita pepo seed extract

Best

Cucurbitea peponis

Best

Curcuma longa root

Best

curcumin

Antioxidant spice that can be effective in soothing skin…

Poor

Cymbopogon martini

Best

d-alpha-tocopherol

Antioxidant that's considered the most optimal form of vitamin E.

Categories: Antioxidants, Vitamins
Poor

Daucus carota

Also known as wild carrot. It can have antioxidant properties, but applied topically it can cause...

Good

diethylhexyl syringylidenemalonate

An ester that functions as an antioxidant and helps defend cosmetics products from chemical or physical deterioration...

Categories: Antioxidants
Poor

fennel seed extract

Can have antioxidant properties, but on skin it can be a skin sensitizer (Source:...

Best

ferulic acid

A plant-based antioxidant. Research suggests that it provides antioxidant...

Best

Filipendula glaberrima

Also known as Nakai, the root of this plant extract has been shown to be an antioxidant…

Best

flavonoid

Categories: Antioxidants
Best

flax

Plant source of linen and edible seeds. Flax seeds and seed oil have antioxidant properties...

Best

flaxseed oil

From seeds of the flax plant; a source of fatty acids, particularly omega-3.

Poor

Foeniculum vulgare extract

Good

folic acid

Part of the B-vitamin complex; when taken orally, it is a good antioxidant. That benefit has not...

Categories: Antioxidants, Vitamins
Best

Fu ling

Best

Fucus vesiculosus extract

Good

galactoarabinan

Polysaccharide extracted from the western larch tree.

Best

gamma linolenic acid (GLA)

Fatty acid used in cosmetics as an emollient and antioxidant. GLA is considered to...

Average

Ganoderma lucidum extract

Mushroom stem extract. There is no research showing it to be effective when used topically on skin...

Poor

Gardenia florida extract

Flower extract used in cosmetics to impart fragrance; also functions as an antioxidant (Source:...

Good

Gellidiela acerosa extract

Extract derived from a type of algae.

Best

genistein

Plant component (most often from soy) that is a rich source of antioxidants, though it can also be...

Best

Gentiana lutea (Gentian) root extract

Part of the gentian plant, constituents of which are soothing to skin...

Best

geranium extract

Extract that can have potent antioxidant properties (Source: Phytomedicine, June 2000, pages...

Poor

Geranium pretense

Geranium plant.

Good

ginger extract

Extract from a plant in the Zingiberacae family that has research showing it has soothing...

Poor

ginger oil

Best

Ginkgo biloba leaf extract

Potent antioxidant and soothing ingredient.

Best

GLA

Best

glucosyl hesperidin

A water-soluble form of hesperidin, a flavonoid found in many citrus plants, as well as evening primrose oil. It has potential as an antioxidant...

Best

glutathione

Powerful, non-enzymatic antioxidant which naturally occurs in the skin.

Best

isoflavone

Plant derivative with antioxidant properties...

Good

isoleucine

Best

jojoba butter

The fattiest portion of jojoba oil, used as an intensive emollient.

Good

jujube fruit extract

Asian plant extract that has soothing properties and may also provide other benefits...

Good

kelp extract

Average

Kigelia africana extract

Extract of African plant commonly known as the sausage tree. The African lore about this extract is...

Average

kiwi fruit extract

As a food, kiwi has significant antioxidant properties that may even be greater than those of...

Good

kojic acid

By-product of the fermentation process of malting rice for use in the manufacture of sake, Japanese...

Categories: Antioxidants
Good

kojic dipalmitate

A mixture of kojic acid and palmitic acid. It functions as a skin-conditioning agent and antioxidant...

Categories: Antioxidants
Best

kudzu root

Source of isoflavone, genistein, and daidzein, all plant estrogens..

Best

L-ascorbic acid

Form of vitamin C that is a potent antioxidant and skin-soothing agent...

Good

L-cysteine

Categories: Antioxidants
Best

lady's thistle (milk thistle) extract

Extract for which there is a great deal of research showing it has many applications...

Good

Laminaria digitata

Good

Laminaria longicruris

Good

Laminaria sacharrina

Best

Lamium album flower extract

A species of the nettle plant that is used topically as as a soothing ingredient...

Good

lappa extract

Good

Larrea divaricata extract

Good

Larrea tridentata

Poor

Laurus nobilis

Poor

lemon juice

The juice from the citrus fruit lemon, often touted in the world of skin care as being a natural option for brightening skin.

Categories: Antioxidants, Sensitizing
Good

lentil fruit extract

Extract that functions as a skin-conditioning agent and likely has antioxidant benefit, too.

Average

Lentinus edodes extract

Extract from the shiitake mushroom that may have antioxidant properties...

Best

Leontopodium alpinum extract

Plant extract whose constituents are capable of provding antioxidant and soothing benefit...

Best

Glycine soja oil

Oil derived from wild soybeans; it has emollient properties.

Good

goji fruit extract

Best

gotu kola

Best

grape seed extract

Grape seed extract has been shown to help diminish free-radical damage…

Best

grape seed oil

Emollient, non-fragrant plant oil that also has excellent antioxidant properties...

Best

green tea

Significant amounts of research have established that tea, including black, green, and white tea...

Best

gromwell

Best

Haematococcus pluvialis extract

Poor

Hamamelis virginiana

Poor

hamamelitannin

Tannin that is found in witch hazel. It can be a skin sensitizer but it also has antioxidant...

Categories: Antioxidants, Sensitizing
Good

Haslea ostrearia extract

Extract derived from a water plant also known as blue algae. In pure concentrations this extract...

Best

hesperidin

Flavonoid found in various plants such as citrus and evening primrose oil. It has potential as a...

Good

hesperidin methyl chalcone

Citrus bioflavonoid often seen in products claiming to improve dark undereye circles. There is...

Average

hexylresorcinol

A synthetic ingredient that has been shown to have skin brightening ability but there is very limited research about it on skin...

Categories: Antioxidants
Good

hibiscus

Fragrant plant

Good

Himanthalia elongate extract

Extract of a species of algae.

Good

Hippophae rhamnoides

Good

histidine

Categories: Antioxidants
Best

honey

A substance produced by bees from the nectar of certain flowering plants. Primarily consumed as...

Best

honey extract

Average

hops

There is no research showing that hops have any benefit for skin. However, components in hops may...

Average

Hordeum vulgare extract

Average

horsetail extract

Plant extract that has antioxidant and soothing properties, but there's no solid research showing it can and does exert these effects...

Good

Huang qi

Average

Humulus lupulus extract

Best

hydrogenated olive oil

When a plant oil is hydrogenated, it is chemically converted gas from a liquid to a semi-solid or...

Good

hydrogenated palm glycerides

Palm glycerides are the fatty acid component of palm oil. When a plant oil is hydrogenated, it is...

Best

hydrogenated soybean oil

Non-fragrant plant oil from soy that has been hydrogenated so it retains a semi-solid rather than liquid state.

Categories: Antioxidants, Emollients
Good

hydrolyzed silk

Categories: Antioxidants, Slip Agents
Best

hydrolyzed soy protein

Best

hydroquinone

Hydroquinone has long been established as the most effective ingredient for reducing brown spots.

Good

Hypericum extract

Best

idebenone

A synthetic antioxidant similar to coenzyme Q10. Idebenone got a lot of press as the best...

Categories: Antioxidants
Best

Ilex paraguariensis

Poor

Illicium vernum

Good

Irish moss extract

Type of red algae.

Good

Leptospermum scoparium oil

Best

linden flower extract

Major constituents in linden are flavonoids and glycosides. Flavonoids are potent...

Best

linoleic acid

Unsaturated fatty acid used as an emollient and thickening agent in cosmetics. There is some...

Best

Lithospermum erythrorhizon

Also known as gromwell, the root of this plant is believed to have antioxidant and...

Best

loquat extract

Extract derived from a subtropical flower that has antioxidant properties similar to...

Best

lotus seed extract

Extract that can have soothing and antioxidant properties...

Good

lupine

Legume that is a source of isoflavones with antioxidant properties...

Average

lupine oil

Extract of Lupinus albus, a legume; it has emollient and antioxidant properties, though it may also...

Good

Lupinus albus extract

Species of legume.

Best

lutein

Carotenoid that has antioxidant properties…

Categories: Antioxidants
Good

Lycium barbarum fruit extract

The extract of the fruit commonly known as goji, goji berry, or wolfberry. This fruit extract is an antioxidant...

Best

lycopene

Carotenoid pigment that has potent antioxidant properties…

Categories: Antioxidants
Good

lysine

Amino acid.

Good

magnesium ascorbyl palmitate

Fatty acid-based derivative of vitamin C that can be an effective antioxidant. There is some...

Categories: Antioxidants, Vitamins
Best

magnesium ascorbyl phosphate

Form of vitamin C that is considered stable and an effective antioxidant for skin (Sources:...

Categories: Antioxidants, Vitamins
Average

Perilla ocymoides

Also known as beefsteak plant. Like many plants, the leaves contain flavones which help the plant...

Best

Persea gratissima oil

Categories: Antioxidants, Emollients
Best

Persicaria hydropiper

Also known as water pepper. All parts of this plant extract have been shown in vitro to be not only...

Good

phenylalanine

Average

phenylethyl resorcinol

Synthetic antioxidant often seen in skin-brightening products.

Categories: Antioxidants
Best

phloretin

A flavonoid substance derived from apples and the bark of apple trees. As for topical application...

Best

Phyllanthus emblica fruit extract

Extract that has antioxidant and soothing properties…

Good

phytic acid

Component of plants that has antioxidant properties.

Good

pinecone extract

Components of this extract, specifically linolenic and linoleic acids, can have antioxidant...

Categories: Antioxidants
Good

Pinus sylvestris extract

Categories: Antioxidants
Good

Pisum sativum

Latin name for the garden pea. It does have antioxidant activity, but there is no research showing...

Good

plum extract

Extract of Prunus americana that may have antioxidant activity when applied topically (Source:...

Best

plum seed oil

Plum (Prunus domestica) seed oil, also known as plum kernel oil, is non-fragrant oil…

Good

Malva sylvestris extract

Extract from the blue mallow flower, it may have some soothing properties for...

Average

manganese gluconate

Mineral found in trace amounts in tissues of the body. While manganese plays a vital role in the...

Categories: Antioxidants
Good

Mangifera indica root

Extract derived from the mango tree; it can have antioxidant properties (Source: Journal of...

Good

manuka oil

Extract derived from the New Zealand tea tree; the oil is similar to that of the Australian tea...

Good

marigold

Good

marionberry

Fruit that has potent antioxidant properties.

Good

Mastocarpus stellatus

Best

mate extract

Best

matricaria oil

Best

Medicago sativa

Good

Melaleuca alternifolia

Good

methionine

Good

methylsufonylsulfate

Categories: Antioxidants
Good

Microcystis aeruginosa

Latin name for spirulina.

Good

milk vetch root

Root with potential antioxidant properties, although there isn't conclusive research that it functions that way when applied topically.

Good

Morinda citrifolia

Good

Morus alba root extract

Latin name for mulberry.

Good

mulberry extract

Non-fragrant plant extract (Latin name is Morus alba) whose various parts such as the leaf and root, have shown potential to brighten and improve the look...

Average

N-acetyl-L tyrosine

Good

Nardostachys jatamansi

Average

Nasturtium officinale extract

Good

natto gum

Fermentation product of soy protein. It may be a potent antioxidant (Source: Journal of...

Best

niacinamide

Also known as vitamin B3 and nicotinic acid, niacinamide is a very effective skin-restoring ingredient...

Good

noni juice

Also known as morinda or Morinda citrifolia, comes from a small evergreen tree. The juice from this...

Best

Nymphaea tetragona

Also known as pygmy waterlily. The stem has been shown to be an antioxidant...

Poor

oak root extract

Extract that can be a skin sensitizer.

Best

oat beta-glucan

Best

oat bran extract

Oat bran extract is a portion of the oat plant that contains antioxidant and soothing properties...

Good

Olea europaea fruit oil

Best

Olea europaea oil unsaponifiables

An unsaponifiable oil is the portion of a plant oil that is not broken down when the oil's fatty...

Best

oleanolic acid

A skin-soothing ingredient, especially when used in synthetic rather than natural form...

Good

olive oil/olive fruit oil

Emollient plant oil similar to many other non-fragrant plant oils. The concept of olive oil having...

Good

oryzanol

Component of plants and their products, such as rice bran, that has potent antioxidant properties.

Best

oxidoreductase

Large group of enzymes that block oxygen in different forms from generating environmental damage.

Categories: Antioxidants
Good

P. elisabethae

The “P.” is short for the genus Pseudopterogorgia.

Good

Padina pavonica extract

Average

Paeonia suffruticosa extract

Best

palm oil

Has emollient and antioxidant properties for skin.

Good

Palmaria palmata extract

Extract from a type of algae whose common name is dulse.

Average

pansy extract

Extract for which there is a small amount of research showing it has skin soothing and...

Best

Passiflora edulis seed oil

Non-fragrant plant oil from the passion fruit plant, and a rich source of fatty acids and antioxidants...

Best

polysaccharide

Natural component of skin that can be a good water-binding agent and potentially have antioxidant...

Best

pomegranate extract

Pomegranate and its extracts have antioxidant properties that, while not conclusively demonstrated on human skin

Best

Poria cocos extract

Also known as Hoelen and Fu ling. Extract derived from a mushroom, which has antioxidant and...

Best

potassium ascorbyl tocopheryl phosphate

Blend of vitamins C and E with phosphorus that functions as an antioxidant.

Categories: Antioxidants, Vitamins
Good

proline

Good

propolis

Brownish, resinous material that is collected by bees and used to construct the hive. It has...

Average

Prunella vulgaris

Good

Prunus americana

Good

Prunus domestica seed extract

Best

Prunus domestica seed oil

Non-fragrant plant oil, more commonly known as plum (and, when dried, prune) that is a rich source of several potent antioxidants.

Best

Pseudopterogorgia elisabethae

Best

Pueraria lobata

Good

pullulan

Glucan gum produced by black yeast that contains polysaccharides, which makes it a good...

Best

pumpkin

Plant whose seeds are a rich source of fatty acids and several antioxidant components, including...

Best

pumpkin seed extract

Type of squash that is a very good source of antioxidant cartenoids. Pumpkin seed oil and extract...

Best

Punica granatum extract

Good

pycnogenol

Antioxidant derived from the bark of the French Maritime pine tree. The term pycnogenol was...

Good

pyridoxine hydrochloride (HCL)

Scientific name for vitamin B6; may have antioxidant benefits for skin when...

Categories: Antioxidants, Vitamins
Best

quercetin

A bioflavonoid ingredient from plants. Quercetin occurs naturally in red wine, tea, onions, kale, tomatoes, berries, and many other fruits and vegetables...

Best

rapeseed oil

Nonfragrant oil that has emollient and potential antioxidant properties for skin (Source: British...

Good

raspberry seed extract

Good

raspberry seed oil

Best

sodium hyaluronate

The salt form of skin-replenishing ingredient hyaluronic acid.

Average

sodium metabisulfite

Reducing agent that alters the structure of hair. It can also be used as a preservative in...

Average

Solanum lycopersicum extract

Best

soy extract

Potent antioxidant and soothing agent for skin...

Best

soy isoflavones

Best

soy oil

Emollient oil similar to all nonfragrant plant oils.

Good

spirulina

Best

squalane

Best

squalene

Oil derived from shark liver or from plants (usually olives). It is a natural component...

Good

St. John's wort

Contains several components that are harmful to skin in the presence of sunlight (Sources: Planta...

Poor

star anise

Best

superoxide dismutase

Enzyme considered to be an antioxidant...

Categories: Antioxidants
Good

red algae

Good

red clover

Can have antioxidant and soothing properties...

Good

red raspberry extract

Fruit extract that has potent antioxidant properties...

Best

resveratrol

Potent polyphenolic antioxidant that is abundant in red grapes and, therefore, in red wine...

Best

retinol

Retinol, the name for the entire vitamin A molecule, is a skin-restoring ingredient and an antioxidant.

Best

retinyl ascorbate

An ester of vitamin A (retinoic acid) and vitamin C (ascorbic acid) that functions as an antioxidant...

Categories: Antioxidants, Vitamins
Best

retinyl palmitate

Combination of retinol (pure vitamin A) and the fatty acid palmitic acid. Research has shown...

Poor

Robinia pseudacacia extract

Good

Rosa canina

Good

Rosa centifolia

Good

Rosa centifolia flower

Good

Rosa eglanteria

Good

Rosa mosqueta

Best

Rosa roxburghii extract

Extract from the chestnut rose; can be a source of antioxidants for skin, and does not impart...

Good

Rosa rubiginosa

Good

rose hip

Good

rose hip oil

Good emollient oil that has antioxidant properties (Sources: Journal of Agricultural Food...

Good

rosemary extract

Extract that can have antioxidant benefit for skin (Source: Journal of Agricultural Food Chemistry,...

Poor

rosemary oil

Fragrant plant oil derived from rosemary, Latin name Rosmarinus officinalis. This ingredient is primarily used as a fragrance in cosmetics...

Poor

Rosmarinus officinalis extract

Good

Rubus idaeus

Best

Rubus occidentalis

Good

Rubus ursinus

Best

Rubus ursinus x idaeus

Best

Rubus villoscus

The Latin name for blackberry fruit extract. This plant extract has antioxidant ability...

Best

rutin

Bioflavonoid that is extracted from various plants and used in cosmetics as an antioxidant and...

Categories: Antioxidants, Emollients
Average

Saccharomyces copper ferment

Extract of yeast fermented in the presence of copper ions. There is no known benefit for skin,...

Categories: Antioxidants
Average

Saccharomyces iron ferment

Extract of yeast fermented in the presence of iron ions.

Categories: Antioxidants
Good

Saccharomyces lysate

Categories: Antioxidants
Average

Saccharomyces magnesium ferment

Extract of yeast fermented in the presence of magnesium ions.

Categories: Antioxidants
Average

Saccharomyces manganese ferment

Extract of yeast fermented in the presence of manganese ions.

Categories: Antioxidants
Average

Saccharomyces potassium ferment

Extract of yeast fermented in the presence of potassium ions.

Categories: Antioxidants
Good

saccharomyces selenium ferment

An ingredient created by the fermentation of the Saccharomyces yeast with the mineral selenium.

Categories: Antioxidants
Average

Saccharomyces silicon ferment

Extract of yeast fermented in the presence of silicon ions.

Categories: Antioxidants
Average

Saccharomyces zinc ferment

Extract of yeast fermented in the presence of zinc ions.

Categories: Antioxidants
Best

safflower seed oil

Emollient oil derived from the safflower (Carthamus tinctorius) plant.

Good

Sambucus canadensis

Good

Sambucus cerulea

Blue elderberry. May have antioxidant properties for skin.

Good

Sambucus nigra

Good

Sapindus mukurossi peel extract

A plant extract that is a natural source of saponin...

Good

saponin

Group of natural carbohydrates, found in plants, that have considerable potential...

Good

Sargassum filipendula extract

Good

Scutellaria baicalensis extract

Good

sea buckthorn

Berry extract that grows on a shrub-like tree. Sea buckthorn is believed to have several topical...

Good

Seamollient

Trade name for an algae extract.

Good

seaweed

Group of sea plants (scientific name: algae) of all sizes and shapes, and having a gelatin-like...

Best

selenium

Mineral considered to be a potent antioxidant...

Categories: Antioxidants
Good

sericin

Scientific name for silk protein.

Good

serine

Good

silk

Categories: Antioxidants
Good

silk protein

Protein substance (also called sericin) formed by converting silk, which is the soft, lustrous...

Categories: Antioxidants
Best

silver tip white tea leaf extract

Best

Silybum marianum extract

Best

skin-restoring ingredients

Skincare ingredients that nourish skin’s surface in a way that helps transform it on many levels...

Good

skullcap extract

Herbal extract from Scutellaria baicalensis that has antioxidant soothing properties...

Good

soapberry extract

Extract from the tree Sapindus saponaria. The berries contain a good amount of Saponins.

Best

sodium ascorbate

Categories: Antioxidants, Vitamins
Best

sodium ascorbyl phosphate

Stable, water-soluble form of vitamin C that functions as an antioxidant...

Good

sodium citrate

Used primarily to control the pH level of a product, this ingredient also has antioxidant and...

Best

tannic acid

Polyphenol that's considered a very good antioxidant…

Categories: Antioxidants
Good

tetradibutyl pentaerithrityl hydroxyhydrocinnamate

Categories: Antioxidants
Best

tetrahexyldecyl ascorbate

Stable form of vitamin C that is considered an analogue of L-ascorbic acid. Unlike pure vitamin C...

Categories: Antioxidants, Vitamins
Best

tetrahydrobisdemethoxycurcumin

Antioxidant and skin-soothing plant extract.

Best

tetrahydrobisdemethoxydiferuloylmethane

A synthetic antioxidant derived from curcumin.

Categories: Antioxidants
Best

tetrahydrodemethoxycurcumin

Best

tetrahydrodemethoxydiferuloylmethane

A synthetic antioxidant that provides the effects of the antioxidant curcumin but...

Best

tetrahydrodiferuloylmethane

Antioxidant and skin-soothing plant extract.

Best

tetrahydromethoxycurcumin

Antioxidant and skin-soothing plant extract.

Best

thioctic acid

Technical name for the antioxidant alpha lipoic acid. Unlike many antioxidants that are either...

Categories: Antioxidants
Average

thiodipropionic acid

Acid-based synthetic antioxidant. There is no research pertaining to its benefit for skin, but in...

Categories: Antioxidants
Good

thiotaurine

Amino acid. Potentially, it can have antioxidant properties for skin...

Good

threonine

Average

thyme extract

Extract derived from the leaf or flower of the thyme plant. It can have potent antioxidant...

Poor

thyme oil

The most concentrated part of the thyme plant, and a source of antioxidants, some of which...

Poor

Thymus serpillum extract

Extract of wild thyme.

Average

Thymus vulgaris

Poor

Thymus vulgaris oil

Thymus vulgaris oil is more commonly known as thyme oil.

Best

Tilia cordata

Best

tocopherol

Categories: Antioxidants, Vitamins
Best

tocopherol acetate

Categories: Antioxidants, Vitamins
Best

tocopheryl acetate

Categories: Antioxidants, Vitamins
Best

tocopheryl lineolate

Categories: Antioxidants, Vitamins
Best

tocotrienols

Potent forms of vitamins E that are considered stable and powerful antioxidants. These forms of...

Categories: Antioxidants, Vitamins
Average

tomato extract

Extract that has weak antioxidant properties...

Good

Trifolium pratense

Best

troxerutin

A flavonoid ingredient that's extracted from the Japanese plant Sophora japonica.

Good

tryptophan

Good

turmeric

Spice made from the dried, ground root of a plant; its extract is called curcumin. A natural yellow...

Best

ubiquinone

it is a vitamin-like, fat-soluble substance.

Good

Ulva lactuca extract

Extract from the plant known as sea lettuce, it has some soothing and antioxidant...

Good

Undaria pinnatifida

Form of brown algae.

Best

Uva ursi extract

Best

Vaccinium macrocarpon fruit extract

Latin term for cranberry.

Good

valine

Good

Vanilla planifolia fruit extract

Extract used primarily as a fragrance and flavoring agent. The vanilla plant is a source of...

Average

Viola tricolor extract

Best

vitamin A

Categories: Antioxidants, Vitamins
Best

vitamin C

Vitamin C is a top rated skin care ingredient to help maintain healthy-looking and radiant skin...

Categories: Antioxidants, Vitamins
Good

vitamin D

A fat-soluble vitamin (technically, it's a hormone) that may have antioxidant, soothing, and...

Categories: Antioxidants, Vitamins
Best

vitamin E

One of the most well-known and researched antioxidants for the body and for skin. Vitamin E occurs...

Categories: Antioxidants, Vitamins
Best

vitamin F

Name sometimes used to represent essential fatty acids of linoleic acid and linolenic acid. These...

Best

Vitis vinifera

Latin name for the vines that produce wine grapes. More commonly known as grape seed oil or grape...

Average

walnut extract

Extract that can have antioxidant properties...

Average

watercress extract

Research indicates that watercress extracts can have antioxidant activity, but that information is limited...

Best

watermelon fruit extract

Extract from the fruit Citrullus lantus, commonly known as watermelon...

Best

white tea leaf extract

Extract from the minimally processed buds and leaves of green tea. There is research showing that...

Poor

witch hazel

Commonly used plant extract that can have antioxidant properties...

Best

xanthophyll

Also known as lutein, this is a cartenoid pigment from plants that functions as an antioxidant.

Good

Ximenia americana oil

Latin name for plum oil; it can have emollient properties.

Good

yeast

Group of fungi that ferment sugars. Yeast is a source of beta-glucan, which is a good antioxidant....

Categories: Antioxidants
Good

yeast extract

Categories: Antioxidants
Best

yerba mate extract

Plant ingredient used in the preparation of the most popular tea-like beverage in South America. It has...

Poor

ylang ylang

Fragrant, volatile oil that can also be a skin sensitizer…

Average

yucca extract

Plant extract that can have soothing benefits...

Best

zinc

There is growing evidence that zinc can be a significant soothing agent and antioxidant. It also can...

Best

zinc oxide

Zinc oxide is an inert earth mineral used as a thickening, whitening, lubricating, and sunscreen ingredient in cosmetics.

Best

glycyrrhetinic acid

One of the components of licorice root extract...

Best

physalis angulata extract

This plant extract has a potent calming effect on skin.

Best

tremella fuciformis sporocarp extract

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About the Experts

Paula Begoun is the best-selling author of 20 books about skincare and makeup. She is known worldwide as The Cosmetics Cop and creator of Paula’s Choice Skincare. Paula’s expertise has led to hundreds of appearances on national and international radio, print, and television including:

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The Paula's Choice Research Team is dedicated to busting beauty myths and providing expert advice that solves your skincare frustrations so you can have the best skin of your life!