Coffea arabica (coffee) fruit extract
Derived from the fruit portion of the Coffea arabica plant, this ingredient is a very good antioxidant when applied to skin (and consumed orally in the popular beverage coffee). Among other antioxidants, coffee is a rich source of ferulic acid.
On skin, the extract has been shown to reduce the occurrence of destructive enzymes that lead to signs of aging as well as help visibly repair signs of sun damage.
References for this information:
Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology, September 2017, pages 323-332
Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity, September 2015, ePublication
Food and Chemical Toxicology, January 2011, pages 309-318
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