Vaccinium myrtillus (bilberry) fruit extract
Bilberry is one of the best sources of antioxidant compounds known as anthocyanins, polyphenolic chemicals that give bilberries their dark color. Not surprisingly, bilberries are similar to blueberries.
Applied to skin, bilberry is known to strengthen skin against signs of redness, likely due to its calming properties. Bilberry can also boost skin’s environmental defenses in the presence of UVA light.
Note that while bilberry contains antioxidants known as tannins, the amounts are low and unlikely to pose a risk to skin. Tannins are one of the antioxidant chemicals in some plants (the most well-known being witch hazel) that offer benefits and risks for skin when they comprise a larger portion of a plant’s antioxidants.
References for this information:
International Journal of Food Sciences, August 2014, pages 594-601
Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology, March 2014, pages 27-35
Pharmacognosy Research, July-September 2011, pages 173-177Biofactors, Volume 33, 2008, pages 249-266
See bilberry extract
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